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High end equipment manufacturing industry will usher in new opportunities for development

recently, the 12th Five year development plan for high end equipment manufacturing industry (hereinafter referred to as the "plan") was officially released. The plan lists aviation equipment, satellites and applications, rail transit equipment, marine engineering equipment and intelligent manufacturing equipment as the five development priorities of China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry during the 12th Five Year Plan period

the main objectives are clear.

the plan points out that by 2015, the main goal of the development of China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry is:

the industrial scale has jumped to a new level. The sales revenue of high-end equipment manufacturing industry exceeded 6 trillion yuan, accounting for 15% of the equipment manufacturing industry, the industrial value-added rate reached 28%, and the international market share increased significantly

the innovation ability has been greatly improved. A high-end equipment technology innovation system combining production, study, research and application has been initially formed. The R & D investment of backbone enterprises accounts for more than 5% of the sales revenue, forming a number of high-end equipment products and well-known brands with intellectual property rights, and cultivating a number of leading scientific and technological talents with international vision

the basic supporting capacity has been significantly enhanced. The manufacturing capacity of key supporting systems and equipment, key components and basic parts required by high-end equipment has been significantly improved, its performance and quality have reached the international advanced level, intelligent technology and core devices have been widely promoted and applied, and the intelligent rate of key industries of high-end equipment has exceeded 30%

the industrial organization structure was further optimized. A number of enterprise groups with international influence and a large number of specialized, refined, special and new specialized production enterprises with competitive advantages have been formed after years of development. A number of high-end equipment manufacturing clusters with strong innovation ability and distinctive characteristics have been built, and the industrial concentration has been significantly improved

at the same time, we will strive to form a complete high-end equipment manufacturing industry system through 10 years of efforts, basically master the key core technologies of high-end equipment manufacturing industry, and enter the world's advanced ranks in industrial competitiveness. By 2020, the proportion of sales revenue of high-end equipment manufacturing industry in the equipment manufacturing industry will increase to 25%, and the industrial value-added rate will increase by 2 percentage points compared with the end of the 12th Five Year Plan, and the high-end equipment manufacturing industry will be cultivated into a pillar industry of the national economy

develop major projects

according to the plan, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, major projects in China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry include space infrastructure construction projects, regional aircraft and general aviation industrialization projects, advanced rail transit equipment and key components innovation and development projects, deep-sea engineering equipment development projects, and intelligent manufacturing equipment innovation and development projects

the plan proposes to guide the relatively centralized development of regional high-end manufacturing industry. Closely rely on the existing manufacturing capacity and industrial organization of the regional equipment manufacturing industry, adhere to the strategic orientation of highlighting the key points and characteristics, actively promote the development of advantageous regions around the Bohai Sea, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, and cultivate a number of world-class enterprises with intellectual property rights and well-known brands; Promote the characteristic development of the central and western regions, and build a characteristic industrial chain of high-end equipment manufacturing; Accelerate the revitalization of the old industrial base in Northeast China, and build an internationally advanced high-end equipment manufacturing and R & D base with informatization, intelligence and integration as a breakthrough

in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the plan, the state will increase financial and tax policies. Without exception, cargo ships are made of steel, vigorously implement technological transformation, focus on strengthening technological innovation, optimize industrial organization structure, highlight quality brand construction, increase market cultivation, strengthen talent team construction, and improve the level of foreign cooperation

with regard to financial and tax support, the plan clearly stipulates that the current financial and tax support policies for high-end equipment and basic parts will continue to be implemented; Compile the catalogue of key technologies and products of high-end equipment manufacturing industry, accelerate the implementation of major industrial innovation projects, and vigorously support the R & D and industrialization of high-end equipment and its key components and supporting systems; Encourage the introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, encourage the development and production of high-end major technical equipment, and implement preferential tax policies for the import of key parts and raw materials; Actively study and improve the relevant import tax policies for the public service system and major innovation projects of high-end equipment manufacturing industry; Establish a multi-channel and diversified investment and financing mechanism to support the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry; Encourage financial institutions to innovate the varieties of financial products, and support the financing and large-scale development of high-end equipment manufacturing enterprises; Give play to the role of existing equipment manufacturing funds, support the transformation and upgrading of equipment manufacturing enterprises, and develop high-end equipment; Encourage and support qualified high-end equipment manufacturing enterprises to go public, and guide venture capital and equity investment to tilt towards the field of high-end equipment manufacturing; Encourage financial leasing companies to carry out financial leasing business of high-end equipment

form a linkage pattern

in recent years, China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry has formed a certain industrial scale. In 2010, the high-end equipment manufacturing industry achieved a sales revenue of 1.6 trillion yuan, accounting for about 8% of the sales revenue of the equipment manufacturing industry. However, compared with the world's advanced level, China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry still has a large gap: the innovation ability is weak, and the core technology and core key components are controlled by people; The development of basic supporting capacity lags behind, and the main equipment is facing hollowing out; Low product reliability and absence of high-end industrial chain; Small industrial scale and low market satisfaction rate; The industrial system is not perfect, and the construction of relevant infrastructure and service system lags significantly

to this end, Wang Ruixiang, President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, said that it is necessary to strengthen the construction of independent research and development capacity, speed up the ability of independent innovation, significantly improve the technical level and technical content of China's equipment manufacturing, and improve the quality of products. At the same time, attention should be paid to functional components, hosts and services

Wei Jigang, a researcher of the industrial economy research department of the development research center of the State Council, said that the plan is based on the current situation and combined with the future, and has strong guidance. It focuses on three aspects: the weak links of the high-end equipment manufacturing industry, key breakthroughs and participation in world competition, and has built related development strategies at different levels of public R & D platforms and scientific and technological support platforms

Wei Jigang believes that China has become the second largest aviation country in the world. Due to the development needs of the aviation market, the development demand and scale of regional aircraft and general aircraft will be larger; China's intercity rail and subway have developed rapidly in recent years, and the rail transit industry has ushered in a period of rapid development; With the development strategy of combining land and marine economy in China, there is a great demand for marine engineering equipment; China has become a large country in shipbuilding industry, and the distance between China and Japan and other advanced shipbuilding industry is getting closer, and the industrialization is accelerating

to achieve the main objectives of the plan, Wei Jigang believes that the most critical thing is to improve the innovative elements of the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry, including talent, technology, knowledge and information, and form an advanced element pattern. The issue of talents is very important. We should introduce and cultivate the world's most advanced equipment manufacturing talents, and create a high-end equipment manufacturing brand with quality, efficiency, innovation, safety and green through high-tech transformation, timely capital investment and a perfect public service system

Wei Jigang said that the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry also needs to form an innovation system at different levels of the country, region, industry and enterprise, effectively integrate the scientific research forces of the government, associations, enterprises, universities, scientific research institutions and the majority of scientific and technological workers, and form a multi-level, multi-agent, all-round linkage innovation pattern with short industrial service life

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